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The Norman legacy

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Mission 2

The Norman legacy

Did you know?

1. How did the Normans affect the English landscape?  , or ?
2. What else did they change? , or
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The feudal system

Look at the document below. 
Feudal /ˈfjuːdl/: referring to feudalism.
Knight /naɪt/: horseman who served his lord.

💡 Tip: It looks like...

Graphique lié à l'exercice 2

a) Describe the shape of the document. 

b) Who is at the top?

c) Who is at the bottom?

d) Complete the labels below.
and .

Match each title to its correct definition.

  • A knight is
  • A baron is
  • A king is
  • A villein is
a peasant who worked on the land. He had to give his products to his master.
a rich, powerful man who owned a lot of land!
a nobleman who served the King. He rode a horse in battle.
a male monarch. He was usually the previous monarch’s son or brother.
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How did this system work?

Find ten transparent words from the text.
💡 Tip: Two are synonyms for “villeins” and “nobles”.

The feudal system and the Domesday Book

BBC Bitesize

Historians suggested that it had a basic structure: King – owned all the land.

Barons – the king gave some land to the barons in return for money and men for the army.

Knights – the barons gave some of their land to the knights if they promised to fight when needed.

Peasants – the knights gave a few strips of land to the peasants and the peasants had to share their produce with them.

They were not allowed to leave and were not free men.[…] The feudal system was a way in which a king could rule a violent society […] The knights of the feudal system developed ideas of ‘chivalry’, from the French word ‘cheval’ meaning ‘horse’. These ideas have given us many of our beliefs about what is ‘good’ conduct – loyalty, courage and defending the weak.

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Note the pros and the cons of feudalism. Then give a title to each paragraph.

Sum up the lesson and complete the sentences. Use the simple past. See Grammar.

Feudalism (be) a system based on a pyramidal structure in the (period of time). The king (own) the land. On the contrary, the peasants (not/own) anything. The king (keep) them safe in return for their work.

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Bon appétit!

Rearrange the words to describe the document from your textbook.

a) This / French restaurant / is / in London / from a / a menu / . / ➝ 
b) contains / It / words / French / many / . / ➝ 

These are words that the Normans introduced to the English language. Sort the words related to justice and administration from the words related to food.

  • mutton
  • parliament
  • sovereign
  • pork
  • jury
  • veal
  • council
  • judge
  • clerk
  • dinner
  • beef
  • salmon
Justice & Administration ⚖️ Food 🍖

Watch the video and answer correctly.

a) William the Conqueror brought many French words to English. (Right. / Wrong.)
b) Latin was used in church. (Right. / Wrong.)
c) The common people spoke Latin too. (Right. / Wrong.)
d) English words name the animals, but French words name the food served on the menu. (Right. / Wrong.)

Create your own Norman menu.

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La prononciation du « k »


Listen: Knight, know, knee, knock, knit, key, kick, kind, kingdom.

Réfléchis : Écoute et élimine les « k » que l’on n’entend pas dans la liste ci-dessus.


Répète : Nutty Knott was not in, Nutty Knott was out. Knotting knots in netting, Nutty Knott was out. But lots of knots, were in Nutty Knott’s knotty netting.
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La forme négative du prétérit simple

Observe : However, peasants were not free. The king didn’t own all the land.

Réfléchis : Repère les marques de la négation et les auxiliaires. Didn’t est-il composé de did + not ou de did + are

Conclus : Lorsque l’on souhaite parler d’un événement à la forme , on utilise l’auxiliaire ou l’auxiliaire suivi de la négation .
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Mission 2

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