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Compréhension écrite

Sujet
1
The Devil’s Paintbox

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1
a. La situation d’énonciation • Que pouvez-vous dire du cadre dans lequel se déroule l’action ?



a. La préparation des repas • Comment l’auteur la présente-t-elle (procédé, fréquence, quantité) ?


c. Qu’est‑ce que ce paragraphe nous dit sur la situation des deux personnages ?
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The Devil’s Paintbox

It was late April, but the land was still black from the autumn fires. [...] The only thing left for miles around was his family house, isolated now on a little island of unburned ground. [...] The blackened earth of central Kansas was barren and sterile as the moon. [...]

For a month now he and Maddy had been living on cornmeal mush. Every three days Aiden would take a few patties of dried cow dung out of the shrinking pile in the shed and build a tiny fire. They would huddle by the stove, enjoying the rare warmth, waiting for the water to boil, then pour a cup of cornmeal into the pot. When it was cooked, they would each eat two spoonfuls while it was warm, then pour the rest into a pan. It set when it cooled, and they would cut it into squares to eat for the next two days. [...]

He had thought a lot about other solutions, but there didn’t seem to be any. The army wouldn’t take him until he was eighteen. He would have lied about his age—he was almost sixteen, and he knew that after four years of war, the army wasn’t picky these days—but there was still the problem of what to do with Maddy. There were no relatives to send her to, not even a sympathetic neighbor. There were no neighbors at all now. [...] There were other small towns, but no guarantee that anyone would be left there either, except a few desperate survivors like themselves. It was over a hundred miles to the nearest railhead in Independence, Missouri, and traveling was dangerous enough for a lone man. There were outlaws all over the state, and deserters from the war. There were leftover bushwhackers, proslavery guerilla bands who had ridden the countryside terrorizing the population. There were Indians, wolves, tornados, blizzards and lightning, an endless list of danger.

The Devil’s Paintbox, Victoria McKernan, 2009.
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2
a. Les personnages • Qu’apprend‑on des personnages principaux ?



b. Que comprend-on de la situation familiale des deux personnages ?
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3
a. Les perspectives et sentiments • Étudiez le vocabulaire de ce dernier paragraphe et les sentiments qui s’en dégagent. Qu’en déduisez‑vous ?



b. Le vocabulaire du texte est-il plutôt positif ou négatif ?
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Sujet
2
Supreme Court ruling on tracking cell phone data


“Music should have the capacity to bring us all together, even if you have a disability like mine’’

I have Retinitis Pigmentosa, a genetic visual impairment that causes night blindness, tunnel vision and chronic short‑sightedness. By day, you wouldn’t even know I have RP. I’ve gone years without some of my friends even knowing about it. It’s deceiving though, because when the lights are switched off and the sun sets, my eyes stop functioning as they should.

[...] My first festival was two years ago when I travelled down to Reading for five days. I’d be lying if I said I hadn’t been daunted by the thought of being packed into an 85,000 strong crowd for Arctic Monkeys or trying to get my monthly contact lenses out in the dark. I had never camped before and I certainly had no idea what sort of obstacles I would encounter at night. [...]

The festival turned out to be a fantastic weekend in spite of my visual impairment. Really simple things, like the absence of stairs and obstacles, helped with the feeling that I’m not too different to the couple of hundred others crowded around a stage. Plus, the variety of stage sizes helped too. This kind of change in the make-up and composition of festivals – different stage sizes and atmospheres – makes the experience so much more diverse and diversity-friendly.

[...] Attitude Is Everything [...] improves disabled people’s access to live music by working in partnership with venues, audiences, artists and the music industry. The presence of such organisations, and the profile they raise, not only addresses the barriers people such as myself face in the music festival environment, but also encourages the general public to question our assumptions regarding disability.

“Music should have the capacity to bring us all together, even if you have a disability like mine’’, Munisha Lall, Independent.co.uk, 2016.
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1
Aidez-vous des mots surlignés en rouge pour présenter le document.
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2
a. Observez les mots surlignés en bleu. Déduisez comment la particule verbale modifie leur sens premier.

switch (changer) ➜
turn (tourner) ➜

b. Observez les mots surlignés en vert et déduisez leur sens en vous aidant du contexte et des mots qu’ils contiennent.
short-sightedness
diversity‑friendly

c. Observez les mots surlignés en jaune et découpez-les afin de retrouver la racine ainsi que les préfixes / suffixes qui y sont associés.


d. Observez les mots en orange. Comment les traduiriez-vous ?
Disabled
Disability
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3
Les articles de journaux sont écrits en suivant des règles. Il y a généralement une idée par paragraphe. Lisez l’article et trouvez un titre pour chaque paragraphe.

§ 1 :
§ 2 :
§ 3 :
§ 4 :
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4
Que diriez‑vous du ton de cet article ?
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