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Épreuve compréhension écrite et expression écrite : 1h30
Préparation aux épreuves communes de contrôle continu



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Exam file




Expression écrite

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Choisissez un sujet et répondez-y en anglais.

SUJET A You’re a young ecologist speaking at a rally. You make a speech about the advantages new forms of housing can have both for the environment and society in general and for millenials in particular.



SUJET B How important is it that we make life changing decisions regarding the way we live? What would you be ready to do? Why?

Tips

List the ideas you want to convey in your speech, then put them in a coherent order.
Méthode Je m’exprime à l’écrit p. 250

Use rhetorics to make your speech authentic.


Précis de communication p. 258
Méthode Je m’exprime à l’oral p. 246



Compréhension de l’écrit

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Document A
Document B

1
Why are living spaces a crucial issue for the future? Illustrate your answer with examples from both documents.


2
In your opinion, are the authors of the two documents optimistic or pessimistic about new forms of housing? Explain in your own words (30 words minimum).



Document A
Urban Rooms: Where People Get To Design Their City’s Future
Despite the strong Utopian traditions of urban planning, there has often been a reluctance to think beyond the short term. Long-term planning is complex; electoral cycles are short and it’s easier to focus on the everyday challenges than those of the far‑off future. For this reason, urban planners have often struggled to describe how a city might develop over the next 30 or 40 years. Recent research has shown that it’s essential to take a long-term, participatory approach to urban planning, to manage continuous socioeconomic and environmental change. This means bringing together local government, universities, businesses and people living in cities.

Newcastle, Milton Keynes and Reading are examples of this in action in the UK, as shown by the recent Government Office for Science Future of Cities Foresight Project, which used a range of tools and techniques (including workshops with local people) to imagine different possible futures for the cities. But there also needs to be a physical space where everyone can reflect on how a city has evolved, understand what sort of a place it is now and debate how it should develop in the future. That’s where “urban rooms” come in – they’re an important building block in making a city vision “real” for the people who live there.

Past meets present

An urban room can act as an exhibition hall, a community centre and a learning space, while giving people opportunities to help redesign and reimagine their city’s 25 future. Urban rooms are already commonplace in countries such as China and Singa- pore, in the form of urban planning museums, city galleries or exhibition centres. [...]

Many of these spaces not only incorporate very large physical models, but also have space dedicated to understanding the urban planning stories and future paths of these cities. Models are a useful tool to help people visualise key public spaces, and the impact that new design proposals will have on the cityscape.

A growing movement

Urban rooms are just one way of giving communities the confidence to actively participate in helping shape places, often in relation to the small scale changes of good open space and housing provision and air quality improvement that are so important in people’s lives. In this way, universities have a crucial role to play in creating stron- ger engagement with local people, and helping them to understand and influence the long term future of their city.

Urban Rooms: Where People Get To Design Their City’s Future, Tim Dixon and Lorraine Farrelly, TheConversation.com, 2019.

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Questions

a) Who are millennials? Explain in your own words.

b) What is Space10?

c) Who participated in the survey?

d) What are the conclusions of this survey?

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Questions

a) Why is it difficult to focus on long-term urban solutions?

b) Who should participate in the designing of future cities according to the author?

c) Give names of places in the UK where the first “urban rooms” were opened.

d) Describe what is an “urban room”.

e) What can you find there to help you visualise the future
city?


f) Who are involved in the project?

g) What are the objectives of these “urban rooms”?


Document B
What milennials homes will look like in the future
From New York and London to New Delhi and Shanghai, millennials
1 are increasingly blurring the lines between home, work and play — sharing spaces to save money and time as well as make new friends. Space10 — an external think-tank working solely for Ikea — believes shared housing has the potential not just to overhaul
2 the real estate world but also consumer patterns which have been in place for decades. The lab sees itself as an agitator, forcing a rethink in ways of living.

Space10 last year joined New York-based designers Anton Repponen and Irene Pereyra to launch a survey. While not authoritative, it shed light on what younger people think. Around 85 per cent of the 7,000 respondents were 18 to 39-year-olds living in northern Europe, North America and Asia. Among the main findings published in November were that respondents wanted smaller shared houses (of up to 10 people of different ages); a way to decide what their home looks like and a means to choose their housemates. They also wanted to own, not rent, their home. The results suggested that existing co-living companies that control so much are struggling to get the balance right — between convenience and flexibility, and the stability that encourages longer-term commitment.

Grasping these issues is vital not only as millennials dictate current and future consumer trends, but as the world adds another 1.2bn people over the next 12 years — with most expected to live in fast-growing cities in India and China.

"What milennials homes will look like in the future", Anjli Raval, The Financial Times, 2018.


1. people born between 1980 and 2000 2. modernize, improve

Numérique


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