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Verbes irréguliers
P.286-287

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Terminer

Terminer



Verbes irréguliers




Actions and sports

Actions and sports

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
break broke broken casser
build built built construire
catch caught caught attraper
do did done faire
fall fell fallen tomber
get got got obtenir
hang hung hung suspendre, accrocher
lay laid laid poser (à plat)
lead led led mener
lose lost lost perdre
make made made fabriquer, créer
mow mowed mown tondre
put put put mettre
set set set placer, poser
shake shook shaken secouer
spread spread spread répandre, étaler
spin span spun faire tourner
spring sprang sprung sauter
throw threw thrown lancer
win won won gagner

Interacting

Interacting

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
bet bet bet parier
bid bade / bid bidden / bid ordonner, commander
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
give gave given donner
have had had avoir
keep kept kept garder
lend lent lent prêter
meet met met rencontrer
say said said dire
send sent sent envoyer
show showed shown montrer
speak spoke spoken parler
spell spelt spelt épeler
swear swore sworn jurer, promettre
take took taken prendre
tell told told raconter
write wrote written écrire

Bad behaviours

Bad behaviours

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
beat beat beaten battre
bite bit bitten mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
burst burst burst éclater
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
hit hit hit frapper
hurt hurt hurt blesser
shoot shot shot tirer
spit spat spat cracher
steal stole stolen voler, dérober
strike struck struck frapper
tear tore torn déchirer
undergo underwent undergone subir
upset upset upset bouleverser, révolter

Moving

Moving

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
bend bent bent plier, courber, (se) pencher
come came come venir
drive drove driven conduire
fly flew flown voler
go went gone aller
kneel knelt knelt s’agenouiller
lean leant leant pencher
leave left left partir, quitter
ride rode ridden faire du cheval, du vélo
rise rose risen s’élever
run ran run courir
sit sat sat s’asseoir
speed sped sped aller vite
stride strode stridden marcher à grands pas
swing swung swung se balancer
swim swam swum nager

Everyday life

Everyday life

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
awake awoke awoken se réveiller
be was / were been être
bear bore borne supporter
become became become devenir
blow blew blown souffler
breed bred bred élever
choose chose chosen choisir
dream dreamt dreamt rêver
feel felt felt sentir, ressentir
foresee foresaw foreseen prévoir
grow up grew up grown up grandir
hear heard heard entendre
hide hid hidden cacher
lie lay lain être allongé(e)
light lit lit allumer
see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
shine shone shone briller
sleep slept slept dormir
spend spent spent dépenser, passer (du temps)
wake (up) woke (up) woken (up) (se) réveiller
wear wore worn porter (vêtements)
weep wept wept pleurer, sangloter
withdraw withdrew withdrawn retirer

School time

School time

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
begin began begun commencer
bring brought brought apporter
cut cut cut couper
deal (with) dealt dealt distribuer, traiter (d’un sujet)
draw drew drawn dessiner
forget forgot forgotten oublier
find found found trouver
know knew known savoir
learn learnt learnt apprendre
mean meant meant signifier, vouloir dire
read read read lire
ring rang rung sonner
sit sat sat s’asseoir
stand stood stood être debout
stick stuck stuck coller
sing sang sung chanter
teach taught taught apprendre, enseigner
think thought thought penser
understand understood understood comprendre

Cooking and buying food

Cooking and buying food

 Base verbale  Prétérit  Participe passé  Traduction
buy bought bought acheter
burn burnt burnt brûler
cost cost cost coûter
drink drank drunk boire
eat ate eaten manger
feed fed fed nourrir
freeze froze frozen congeler, geler
grow grew grown (faire) pousser, grandir
pay paid paid payer
sell sold sold vendre
shed shed shed verser (des larmes)
smell smelt smelt sentir (odeur)
spend spent spent dépenser
spill spilt spilt renverser
spoil spoilt / spoiled spoilt / spoiled gâcher

infography irregular verb : eat ate eaten

Sing your verbs

Having trouble memorising your irregular verbs? Recite them to the tune of a song you love. Get inspired by watching

Forget-me-not

La voyelle change à chaque fois pour :
begin, drink, fly, ring, sing, swim

Rien ne change pour :
bet, burst, cost, cut, hit, hurt, put, read, rent, set, spread
Read reste le même mais la prononciation change.

Ceux qui riment avec fought :
bring, buy, catch, teach, think

Les deux formes passées se terminent par un -t :
burn, dream, learn, mean
feel, keep, sleep
build, lend, lose, send, smell, spend
Meet perd un -e et leave devient left.

Ceux qui riment avec eaten au participe passé :
beat, bite, break, choose, rive, fall, forget, forgive, freeze, give, ride, shake, speak, steal, take, wake, write

Numérique

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