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Unit 9
5 • Fictions and realities

The West wind

➜ How does the Frontier represent new hopes and opportunities?

Let's learn!

Spelling bee

  • Memorize as many words from the vocabulary boxes as possible.
  • Divide the class in groups, each one in the group gives one word and spells it.

  • Get ready!

    Voir les réponses
    Look at the vocabulary boxes below.
    Find a title for each box.

    a. Look at the painting. What surprising detail can you find?

    b. Who are the people represented (origin, background, job, destination, aim, etc.)?

    c. How is nature represented in contrast with the people and what’s the effect?

    Spirit of the frontier

    • awe-inspiring / breathtaking (adj.)
    • bold / brave (adj.)
    • determined (adj.)
    • fearless / undaunted (adj.)
    • open-minded (adj.)
    • optimistic (adj.)
    • peaceful / quiet (adj.)
    • pristine / pure (adj.)
    • strong-willed /ˈstrɒŋ ˈwɪld/ / wilful / feisty /ˈfaɪstɪ/ (adj.)
    • go beyond (one’s own) limits (v.)
    • overcome difficulties (v.)

    • better living conditions (n.)
    • expectations (n.)
    • fears / doubts /ˌdaʊts/ (n.)
    • hopes (n.)
    • journey /ˈdʒɜːnɪ/ (n.)
    • opportunities (n.)
    • start anew / afresh (v.)

    • wagon (n.)
    • discover / explore (v.)
    • expect / hope for (v.)
    • fulfill / achieve (v.)
    • head to (v.)
    • settle (v.)
    • tame (v.)
    • travel on foot (v.)

    Spirit of the frontier

    • dangerous / risky / perilous (adj.)
    • poor / of slender means (adj.)
    • rough /ˈrʌf/ (adj.)
    • threatening (adj.)
    • treacherous /ˈtrɛtʃǝrǝs/ (adj.)
    • tough / hard (adj.)
    • difficulties / hardships (n.)
    • obstacles / impediments (n.)

    • cattle / herd (n.)
    • cowboys (n.)
    • farmer / cattle raiser (n.)
    • gunmen (n.)
    • horse riders (n.)
    • outlaws /ˈaʊtˌlɔːz/ (n.)
    • pathfinder (n.)
    • pioneer (n.)
    • trailblazer (n.)

    Emigrants Crossing the Plains, Albert Bierstadt, 1869.
    Emigrants Crossing the Plains, Albert Bierstadt, 1869.

    Step 2

    Interview a Frontier art expert.
    Activity 3

    Retrouvez une banque d'audios et de vidéos authentiques en lien avec cette thématique.

    Step 3

    Write the sequel of a Frontier narrative.
    Activity 4
    Activity 5

    On your way to the task - Step 1

    Write an entry in a western woman’s diary. Record the voice-over of a movie trailer.
    Activity 1
    Activity 2

    Your final project

    Share your experience on personal Frontier stories and chronicles.
    LET'S GO!

    Brainstorming question

    What does the concept of “Frontier” evoke to you?

    Towards Los Angeles, by
Dorothea Lange, 1937.
    Towards Los Angeles, by Dorothea Lange, 1937.

    Brainstorming question

    What would their difficulties and fears be?

    IDIOM of the week!

    To hit the road

    IDIOM of the week!

    An American photographer, Dorothea Lange (1895-1965) became famous for travelling across America with her camera to document the impact of the Great Depression (1930s) on farmers and workers. She hit the road several times!

    Brainstorming question

    What could make people leave their homes to start afresh?
    Voir les réponses

    Watch the video.
    Be ready to present it. Workbook p. 67

    Discuss the brainstorming questions.

    Read the idiom of the week below. With the photo and the note, guess its meaning and rephrase it in your own words.


    • daunting /ˈdɔːntɪŋ/ / stunning (adj.)
    • overwhelming / impressive (adj.)
    • romanticized (adj.)
    • vast / huge (adj.)
    • wild /ˈwaɪld/ (adj.) → wilderness /ˈwɪldənɪs/ (n.)
    • pioneers / farmers (n.)

    Pioneering the American Frontier, CuriosityStream, 2015.
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