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Expression orale et synthèse de l'axe

L'entraînement à l'épreuve d'expression orale ainsi que la synthèse de l'axe 4 sont disponibles

Compréhension de l’oral

Making Sense of the UK Collaborative Economy

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1
Avant l'écoute ➜ Lisez le titre ci‑dessus et regardez le nuage de mots.

a. Sur quoi peut porter cet enregistrement ? Faites trois hypothèses.


b. Trouvez cinq autres mots que vous pourriez entendre dans l’enregistrement.
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nuage de mots

Video: Making Sense of the UK Collaborative Economy, Nesta - The Innovation Foundation, 2014. Picture: Batshevs/Shutterstock
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2
Après l’écoute
En rendant compte, en français, du document, vous montrerez que vous avez compris les éléments suivants :
  • Le thème principal du document ;
  • À qui s’adresse le document ;
  • Le déroulement des faits, la situation, les événements, les informations ;
  • L’identité des personnes ou des personnages et, éventuellement, les liens entre elles / eux ;
  • Les éventuels différents points de vue ;
  • Les éventuels éléments implicites du document ;
  • La fonction et la portée du document (relater, informer, convaincre, critiquer, dénoncer, etc.).

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Compréhension de l’écrit


“The ‘sharing economy’ simply dresses up our consumerist tendencies in a more palatable ideology”

Ride sharing has changed how we move. Food delivery apps have changed our eating habits. Airbnb has changed how we holiday. Dating apps have changed how we meet our partners. And some of these apps may have influenced how we work, and whether or not we can pay our rent.

This shift to peer‑to‑peer transactions is often portrayed as an antidote to the consumer culture of modern society because it supports sharing instead of ownership. But have sharing platforms simply created a new form of capitalism? [...]

The number of people quitting their full‑time jobs to become entrepreneurs of the sharing economy has increased. Data from across 36 countries show 43% of millennials and 61% of Gen Z envision leaving their jobs within two years. Among millennials who would quit their jobs, 62% regard the gig economy as a viable alternative. [...]

And it’s hard for entrepreneurs to avoid using these kinds of services if they want their offering to be competitive among many other alternatives. Studies show non‑professional hosts face operational inefficiencies, such as lower occupancies and pricing, compared to their professional counterparts. [...]

The sharing economy is often romanticised as a shift away from the evils of capitalism to a more communal and socially conscious way of life.

Some studies do suggest micro‑entrepreneurs and customers do not discriminate on the basis of race, gender or sexual orientation when deciding how, and with who, they will “share” resources.

But if that’s true, then why do people from minority groups earn less on sharing platforms? And why are platforms focusing on niche markets – such as noirbnb.com for people of colour and misterbandb.com for gay travellers – thriving?

If the sharing economy is supposed to increase environmental sustainability by reducing the ownership and production of bicycles and cars, how do we account for the waste visible in China’s “bike share graveyards”? [...]

People who participate in the sharing economy are primarily motivated by financial rewards. Service providers use the income from “sharing” their assets to purchase larger houses or better cars, while customers seek cheaper deals than traditional providers can offer.

The sharing economy enables people to consume during the economic crisis, satisfying materialist needs, values, priorities and lifestyles in different ways – through “sharing” and “access”, rather than “ownership”.

People see the practice of sharing resources as a way to achieve self‑image, self‑promotion, social appreciation and recognition. [...]

The sharing economy has not changed people’s mindsets, values, lifestyles or behaviours. People still wish to consume at the same levels and they do consume for the same reasons, but in a different way. The sharing economy disrupts the traditional economy, but it has not transformed it.

“The ‘sharing economy’ simply dresses up our consumerist tendencies in a more palatable ideology”, Marianna Sigala, TheConversation.com, 2019.
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Questions

a) What is the link between peer‑to‑peer transaction and consumer society? Is it a good or bad thing?


b) Why are young people leaving their jobs?


c) What is the “gig economy” in the third paragraph? Explain in your own words.


d) What are two of the major problems of the sharing economy? Explain in your own words.


e) What motivates the participants in the “sharing” economy? Is it really sharing, in this case?


f) What values are expressed here? Why?
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Expression écrite

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Choisissez un sujet et répondez-y en anglais en 120 mots minimum.

SUJET A : Texte ci-dessus “The sharing economy is often romanticised as [...] a more communal and socially conscious way of life.” (fifth paragraph) Explain and discuss. Do you agree with this statement?



SUJET B : Texte et vidéo ci-dessus Is the social economy really an enormous economic shift?



SUJET C : Vidéo ci-dessus Why is technology important to the sharing economy, and what are the consequences of the necessary use of technology?

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