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Compréhension de l’oral

L.A’.s ‘Cool Pavement’

Avant l'écoute ➜ Lisez le titre ci-dessus et regardez le nuage de mots.

a. Sur quoi peut porter cet enregistrement ? Faites trois hypothèses.

b. Trouvez cinq autres mots que vous pourriez entendre dans l’enregistrement.
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nuage de mots

Après l’écoute
En rendant compte, en français, du document, vous montrerez que vous avez compris les éléments suivants :
  • Le thème principal du document ;
  • À qui s’adresse le document ;
  • Le déroulement des faits, la situation, les événements, les informations ;
  • L’identité des personnes ou des personnages et, éventuellement, les liens entre elles / entre eux ;
  • Les éventuels différents points de vue ;
  • Les éventuels éléments implicites du document ;
  • La fonction et la portée du document (relater, informer, convaincre, critiquer, dénoncer, etc.).

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Compréhension de l’écrit

Texte A

Buliding for Climate Change

When we talk about the costs of climate change, we often default to large-scale terms, such as how much it will take to maintain roads, protect the airports or keep Waikiki from disappearing. That is crucial. [...]

An analysis of the costs associated with climate change is not complete without accounting for the ways in which the economy, in response to climate change, can also grow. Hawaii has become an innovation center for hydrogen powered vehicles, seawater air conditioning, renewable energy battery storage systems, microgrids, hydroponics, aquaculture, watershed management and other entrepreneurial or nonprofit ideas that seek to replace what we lose with what we can gain.

These efforts are supported from the top. In 2015, Gov. David Ige committed the state to using 100 percent renewable sources to generate all of our electricity by 2045. In 2016, Hawaii was the first state to enact legislation implementing parts of the Paris agreement on climate change. And earlier this year, Ige signed a bill committing the state to becoming fully carbon neutral, also by 2045. [...]

[Dawn Lippert, CEO of the Elemental Excelerator] adds that contrary to the stereotype, the majority of clean energy jobs are not for Ph.D.s and MBAs. “Of the million and a half solar jobs in the country, most are electricians, technicians, roofers and other blue-collar jobs. When people think of the innovation economy, they should absolutely include these trade jobs,” says Lippert. [...]

“One of the things we’re focused on is how to have the environment and economy work together – not be seen as opposites or come at the cost of each other,” says state Office of Environmental Quality Control director Scott Glenn.

“Buliding for Climate Change”, Noelle Fujii-Oride, Hawaii Business Magazine, 2018.


a) What are the potential negative consequences of climate change for Hawaiians?

b) Is climate change only perceived as something negative? Why?

c) What is the link between the Paris Agreement and Hawaii?

d) What type of jobs can be found in the clean energy sector? In what proportions?

e) What is implied in the fourth paragraph? Why?
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Texte B
The cost of Climate Change

Rising seas and other effects of climate change are changing the way buildings in Hawaii are designed and constructed. [...]

“All of our engineering and our architecture and our designs of our community came into existence under a climate that no longer exists,” says Chip Fletcher, a geology and geophysics professor at UH Manoa. [...]

“At the same time that the building industry needs to re-examine their exposure and their vulnerability to hurricane storm surge, they should re-examine their vulnerability to heat waves, to flooding of the storm drains and the groundwater,” Fletcher says. [...]

For sea level rise, government rules could regulate whether to harden the shoreline, gradually move communities away from impacted areas or elevate structures.

“The cost of Climate Change”, Li-Anne Yu, Hawaii Business Magazine, 2018.


f) How will the Hawaiian building sector need to adapt itself to climate change? Explain.

g) What is the role of the government in fighting climate change? Justify by using elements from both texts.
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Expression écrite

Choisissez un sujet et répondez-y en anglais en 120 mots minimum.

SUJET A : Textes ci-dessus Does industry play the most important role in moving towards a ‘decarbonized’ world?

SUJET B : Textes et vidéo ci-dessus “The best way to predict the future is to design it.” – Buckminster Fuller, American architect and inventor. Do you agree with him?

SUJET C : Vidéo ci-dessus Write to your mayor to tell her or him about LA’s ‘Cool Pavement’, and add a few other ideas to make your village or city ‘greener’.

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