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Making amends
Activity 2

Making amends

Text A
“An Apology For the Treatment of Indians”, Kevin Gover, 2000.

Kevin Gover, a member of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma, offered this apology on behalf of the Bureau of Indian Affairs during the ceremony of the 175th anniversary of the agency’s founding.

“Let us begin by expressing our profound sorrow for what this agency has done in the past. Just like you, when we think of these misdeeds and their tragic consequences, our hearts break and our grief is as pure and complete as yours. We desperately wish that we could change this history, but of course we cannot. On behalf of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, I extend this formal apology to Indian people for the historical conduct of this agency.”

“An Apology For the Treatment of Indians”, Kevin Gover, 2000.
Text B
Defense Appropriations Act of 2010 (H.R. 3326), Section 8113: “Apology to Native Peoples of the United States.”

In 2009, President Obama signed the Apology to the Native Peoples of the United States.

“The United States, acting through Congress, apologizes on behalf of the people of the United States to all Native Peoples for the many instances of violence, maltreatment, and neglect inflicted on Native Peoples by citizens of the United States, [and] expresses its regret for the ramifications of former wrongs and its commitment to build on the positive relationships of the past and present to move toward a brighter future where all the people of this land live reconciled as brothers and sisters, and harmoniously steward and protect this land together.”

Defense Appropriations Act of 2010 (H.R. 3326), Section 8113: “Apology to Native Peoples of the United States.”
Text C
“7 apologies Made to American Indians”, Tanya H. Lee,, 2015.

In 1864, peaceful Southern Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians are massacred at Sand Creek, Colorado. In December 2014, Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper offered an apology for what happened at the Sand Creek Massacre.

“On behalf of the State of Colorado, I want to apologize… To the runners, to the Tribal Leaders, and to all of the Indigenous people—and the proud and painful legacy you all represent— On behalf of the good, peaceful and loving people of Colorado, I want to say, I am sorry for the atrocity that our government and its agents visited upon your ancestors.”

“7 apologies Made to American Indians”, Tanya H. Lee,, 2015.
Voir les réponses

You are in charge of one text.

Workbook p. 109

What kind of text is it? Present it in a few sentences.

List the crimes committed against the Native Americans.

Look at the dates. In your opinion, why did it take so long to apologize to the Native Americans?

Useful vocabulary:
Although these massacres happened a long time ago...
Even though apologies were made…
In spite of the desire to make amends...
They know / are aware that...

Let's talk this out!

Voir les réponses

Share your findings with your classmates and learn about the other texts.

The Native Americans observe a National Mourning day on Thanksgiving. What do you think of this celebration?

Is it necessary to make amends for one’s misdeeds?

Useful vocabulary:
In my mind, they are right to...
As far as I am concerned, their celebration is justified by + N
They feel the need...
They want to be forgiven for..

Let's learn!

Apology contest

How many ways of apologizing do you know by now? Challenge the classmate sitting next to you in a 30-second vocabulary race!

Précis de communication p. 258

Over to you!

Film club

Let’s use what you have learnt in and / or !

On the occasion of Columbus Day, one movie will be projected in your school film club. In small groups, discuss it and choose the best movie to be shown. Be ready to justify your choice..

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