Activity 3
DIFFERENTIATION



Brain Drain or brain gain?




Voir les réponses

PATH
A

1-A
Where do skilled workers come from?

2-A
Do all talented immigrants go back home?

3-A
Identify solutions to stop the Brain Drain.

Useful vocabulary: Actually / In reality…
The solutions given are...

Read the text. Then, click on your path.

A
or
B

Workbook p. 7

Let's talk this out!

Voir les réponses
PAIR WORK
MEDIATION

Share your findings with your classmates.

4
Have you ever considered emigrating to the US? Why or why not?


Useful vocabulary: If I were... If I had... I would probably...
I have already / never considered emigrating to the US because…
I feel like immigrating to the US...
I seriously consider going to the US because...

The Brain Drain: Old myths, new realities

The Brain Drain: Old myths, new realities
The United States is the main pole of attraction for foreign skilled workers; 40% of its foreign-born adult population have tertiary level education. Since the early 1990s, some 900 000 highly skilled professionals, mainly IT workers, from India, China, Russia and a few OECD1 countries (including Canada, the UK and Germany) have migrated to the United States under the H1B2 temporary visa programme. […] International mobility of skilled workers can generate global benefits by improving knowledge flows […]. The contribution of foreign skilled workers to economic growth and achievement in host countries, in particular to research, innovation and entrepreneurship, is increasingly recognised – witness the number of foreign-born US Nobel Prize winners or creators of global high tech companies, such as Intel or eBay, and other successful start-ups. […] The harsh reality is that only a handful of countries have been successful in luring their talented emigrés back home […]; in 2000, it was estimated that some 1,500 highly qualified Indians returned from the United States, although more than 30 times that number depart each year. The risk of a Brain Drain is real. Yet countries can create opportunities for research, innovation and entrepreneurship at home and stimulate a return flow of migrants and capital, as well as win access to international innovation networks.

1. OECD (n.) = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
2. H1B visa = a visa granted to foreign skilled workers for specialty occupations.
“The Brain Drain: Old myths, new realities”, Mario Cervantes and Dominique Guellec, OECD Observer, 2002.

Over to you!

The life of an immigrant

Let’s use what you have learnt in
Activity 3
and / or
Activity 4
!

You work for Time magazine and you have to write an article about a famous immigrant who made it in the US.

You can pick an immigrant mentioned on this page or a US immigrant you know about.

Let's learn!

Chain speaking

In groups of four, make sentences about the Brain Drain.
Voir les réponses

PATH
B

1-B
Summarize the current tendency for skilled workers.

2-B
Who does it benefit?

3-B
What are the risks of the Brain Drain? Can the situation change?

Useful vocabulary: Skilled workers tend to…
There is a sharp contrast between…

Grammar in progress

Les mots composés

    a. Observez les expressions soulignées dans le texte. De quoi sont-elles formées ? (Nom ? Adj ?…) Traduisez-les en français.
    b. Que remarquez-vous ?
    c. Quelles sont les différences entre l’anglais et le français ?

Exercices p. 26 Précis grammatical p. 267
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