The Spirit of ‘76 (previously known as
Yankee Doodle), by Archibald Willard, 1875.
First Amendment of the US Constitution
It protects several basic freedoms in the United
States including the freedom of religion, freedom
of speech, freedom of the press, the right to
assemble, and the right to petition the government.
It was part of the Bill of Rights that was added to
the Constitution on December 15, 1791.
History of Rap Music
More than a century before rap exploded
o nto the American music scene, West African
musicians were telling stories rhythmically,
with just the beat of a drum for accompaniment.
Meanwhile, folk artists from the Caribbean Islands
were also telling stories in rhyme. Indeed, these
singing poets from Africa and the Caribbean lay
the foundation for modern-day American rap
Rapping essentially involves the speaking or
chanting of rhyming lyrics, often set to a beat.
The rhyming created by rappers is considered by
many to be o ne of the most sophisticated styles of
poetry. What’s more, these rhymes often address
provocative subjects such as sex, violence and
Rapping first gained popularity in the U.S. in
the 1970s as a kind of street art, especially among
African-American teenagers. But it wasn’t until
1979 […] that record producers took notice of
this emerging musical genre. O nce they did,
numerous rap acts surfaced, and rap’s audience
began to swell. It wasn’t just African-American
male rappers getting in o n the act, either: by the
1980s, white rap bands […] and female rap […]
bands were reaching the top of the charts.
By the 1990s, rap matured from an old-schoolstyle
– which was based o n relatively simple lyrics –
to a new-school-style, which was louder and
included more complex lyrics. Artists such as The
Notorious B.I.G., Snoop Dogg and Tupac ruled
the charts during this time, as did Eminem – o ne
of the most popular white rappers of all time.
Rap has stood the test of time and its popularity
rages o n with today’s artists such as 50 Cent,
Ludacris and Jay-Z churning out hit after thoughtprovoking
hit. The beat truly does go on.
“History of Rap Music”, plasticlittleraps.com.
The 20 Best Protest Songs of 2017: Critics’ Picks
The lead single from P!nk’s seventh
album, Beautiful Trauma, paints a grim
picture of a broken America. The lyrics
are just vague enough to be a pop anthem
that can apply to any sort of injustice. But
then New Jersey Governor Chris Christie’s
keynote speech at the Republican National
Convention plays at the beginning of the
music video, and the song’s rallying cry
against “broken promises” seems to zero in
on the current administration.
“The 20 Best Protest Songs of 2017: Critics’ Picks”, Allison Stubblebine and Caitlin Kelley, billboard, 2017.